The phrase cold chain indicates the sequence of efforts and appliances pertained to preserve a product within a particular low-temperature range from production to consumption. The chilled supply process is supposed to be food science as it deals with the awareness of the chemical and biological processes related to product perishability.
The article below will explain the importance of the cold chain in the food industry.
Why cold chains are vital for the food industry
Chilled supplies are constantly innovating and modifying the global food industry and expanding consumer demands. It is a consecutive sequel of refrigerated production, storage, and distribution activities. Well-equipped logistics with a desired low-temperature span extend the vitality of fresh and perishable products such as fruits, vegetables, frozen foods, dairy products, poultry, and seafood, etc. Although cold chains are important in the pharmaceutical industries also, they are certainly significant for food transportation.
Unrefrigerated foods can be contaminated with bacteria, resulting in venoms, and cause diseases when eaten. 500,000 cases of foodborne infection were reported in the United Kingdom only last year. In the south and southeast Asia, 51% and Europe 20% of edible product waste occur because of non-efficient transportation.
One-third of food production is being wasted globally due to the shortage of a strong and efficient cold chain system, which causes financial loss. The food safety modernization act is trying to reduce health issues and financial loss by modifying the global foods safety system
Organizations are on the way to meet and the target for generating a 12% increase in energy efficiency from refrigerated storage facilities between 2008 and 2020.
How cold chains work for the food industry
The refrigerated supplies are playing a vital role in our food and beverage industries. Which lessens wastage hazard resulting in good to the economy. It’s liable to a quality management system that is examined, monitored, documented, calculated, and assessed. Food processing companies face the basic challenge to make sure that at every phase of the procedure, from production place to warehouses, or end consumer the product is protected at an adequate and steady temperature.
- Refrigerator trucks, fleets, reefer ships, chiller vans, and refrigerated warehouses work within the cold chain.
- Some companies also ship items in special packaging like insulated shipping containers for extra safety.
- Food manufacturers with the help of suppliers are globalizing food marketing within hygiene and sanitary standards.
- Supply-chain-management observes quality-assurance from manufacturing companies up to the end consumers.
Temperature controlled transportation in the food industry
The perfect temperature range depends on the articles being transported, but the average range is 2 degrees C to 8 degrees C. The following temperature range is observed in reefer transportation:
- 12 °C to 14 °C for cool items and processed foods.
- 2 °C to 8 °C for Pharmaceutical, medicines, vaccines.
- 2 °C to 4 °C for Chilled items like fruit & vegetables, fresh meat, and specific dairy products.
- -16 °C to -20 °C for meat and certain types of frozen products.
- -28 °C to -30 °C is for deep-frozen foods like seafood and meat types.
Every cold cargo doesn’t require sub-zero temperatures. For instance, in winter, some fruits and vegetables need warmth to preserve their texture or to last longer. Without new techniques and technologies, the transporters can’t achieve ideal temperature-controlled shipping conditions.
Moreover, maintaining extra environmental parameters makes cold chains more complicated to operate
Cold chains vs supply chains
- The difference between the traditional supply chains and the freezer supply chains depends on the sensitivity of products.
- Normally, a cold supply chain is used for fragile items such as meat, ice cream, milk, tablets, medicine, etc.
- It’s true that the cool supply chain holds up the risk of product expiry due to incompatible temperature.
- In the cold supply chain, the packaging portion is very expensive in terms of delivery to resist damage, protect from the weather changes, and special treatment that also increases the cost of storage and limits transportation potential.
- The overall expense of cold chain warehouses is much higher as compared to the normal regular warehouses.
- And in chilled environments, electrical equipment may lose their functionality any time and cause a loss for the owner.
- On the other hand, dry supply or non-refrigerated supply doesn’t have such risks.
How to improve the shelf life of edible products
Shelf life matters a lot in shipping, storing, and selling meals and other ready to eat products. The steps mentioned below can prevent foodstuff decay and extend their biological shelf life.
- Chilling the foods stop microorganism growth.
- Freezing them below -18° C kills the bacteria and preserves them for a long time. It also keeps the product safe from the mold.
- Dry them and remove all the moisture. It works wonders in their preservation. Non-perishable items like bakery articles need the utmost moisture-free preservation throughout the supply chain.
- Humidity prompts microorganism growth, decreases shelf life, and causes mold. Humidity-controlled climate and air-tight containers are the best solutions.
- Jam syrups and sauces can be delivered hot as heat also destroys microorganisms.
- Jams and marmalades have high sugar content and do not need refrigeration during transportation.
- ‘Modified Atmosphere Packaging vacuums all of the oxygen in the packaging but for fruits and vegetables, this method is not suitable as they need air for freshness
Components of Cool supply chain
The process has mainly three components, they must combine to ensure safe transportation and storage:
- transport and storage equipment
- trained personnel
- efficient management procedures.
Other than the
- Specialized refrigerated facilities
- Customized insulated cold containers and fleets.
- Well trained, energetic, active, and diligent staff who are aware of the complexities of handling sensitive chiller cargo
also, enhance the durability of the services.
Keeping in mind the importance of the cold chain in the food industry we have established a well equipped cold transport company in Dubai that is successfully fulfilling your requirements. Managing the cold chain is a very special duty that requires professional skills, proficiency, capabilities, vehicles, and technology. Our refrigerator vehicles are in high demand for boosting the cold chains. Food manufacturing companies can hire our polar grade freezer fearlessly. Our fleet vehicle management system facilitates frozen logistics to be transported with full confidence.