Like anything in life, if you take proper care of something, it is going to perform better and last you longer. Just as you take your car for an annual inspection, have it washed and tuned to make sure it is functioning properly, the same importance should be placed to your tires. After all, they are the component of the car that is in constant contact with the road and bears of the weight of the car, the passenger and the various cargo items you may carry from time to time such as heavy suitcases or bulky furniture to hooking up a small boat to a boat trailer and towing it to the beach.
The air pressure inside the tire is solely responsible for withstanding the weight of the car. Therefore, it stands to reason that maintaining the inflation pressure of the tires is the utmost important thing to do. The optimal pressure is usually mentioned in the car instruction manual, along with other specifications, such as the type of tire, the appropriate load to carry, and the speed the tires can withstand. Try to check the inflation pressure of the tire regularly – at least once a month, to decrease the likelihood of damaging the tires.
Inspect for wear and tear
As previously stated, tires are the one component of the vehicle that is in contact with the road. Tires are made of sturdy material – a mixture of natural and synthetic rubber and multiple other components. However, due to the heavy load they carry, they experience regular wear and tear. Truck and bus tires for example, are sturdier than a general sedan tire. However, they are still likely to experience wear and tear and should therefore be examined regularly. Moreover, the oxygen in the air tends to oxidize the rubber casing of the tire, thereby increasing the rate of deterioration., visually examining your tyres every month or so and analyzing the degree of damage maybe be helpful as you will know beforehand when to change the tyres. While doing the visual analysis, inspect the car alignment as well. If the front tires seem to be wearing out faster than the rear tire, or left tires are wearing out faster than the right ones, it is very likely, the car alignment is off. This will make certain tires more worn out than the other at a faster rate, making your car unpredictable and uncontrollable, especially during tricky times such as an abrupt turn or an emergency stop.
Check Tire Treads
Tire tread is the pattern of ridges you find on your tires. These are responsible for the friction between the tires and the road, causing the car to accelerate, turn and stop on command. During the ride, treads tend to level out. If they become completely levelled, you will not be able to control your car, as the tires will become slippery and will not perform as they should. If the treads are worn down to 1.6mm, then they need to be replaced immediately.
Don’t overload vehicle
Every tire has a specific weight that they can carry. That is why bigger and heavier vehicles use Light Truck Tires, even if the said vehicle is being used on a straight road, and other cars, such as the sedan or a hatchback use Passenger Tires. Each tire is designed to carry a certain weight load. This load is inclusive of the weight of the vehicle and all the things that are maybe transporting. Therefore, the weight mustn’t exceed the limit. The more weight the tire bears, the quicker it will wear out.
Just as there is a weight limit on the tire, there is also a speed limit. Each category of the tire can rotate at a certain speed. That is why racing cars have different tires than an everyday sedan. When driving, opt for a smoother road, than the ones with potholes. Also, try to avoid braking unnecessary and maintain a somewhat constant speed, especially while on highways.
With these easy steps and methods, you can maintain your tyres and increase their lifespan.