According to the study conducted by Professor Mariah Evans and her team, children who are raised where there is a small library containing of approximately 500 books tends to have the same effect as that of 3.2 years of schooling. Yes, you heard it right! Children with highly educated parents but under the environment where there are no books, are likely to lack the educational attainment when compared to the children with barely literate parents but exposed to a good library.
Reading books alter the brain connectivity which is explained by the scientists involved in the research under the title Short and long term effect of a Novel on connectivity in the Brain. Brain is full of neurons that transmits signals to each other and in order to support this neuronal activity the body needs to supply more oxygen to the areas of brain. Change in oxygen causes change in magnetism using which FMRI (functional Magnetic Resonance Imaging) can be performed which can help to see where the brain activity is actually occurring. When FMRI was performed on the subjects which were involved in this research , it turned out that there was a continuous increase in brain arousal with some of the most exciting chapter. The results also showed the heightened connectivity in the left temporal cortex which is correlated with heightened receptivity for language which is often referred to as Shadow activity . Reading also increases the activity ion sensory motor region and makes the person experience the life of the protagonist in the book. Cool ,isn’t it?
Whether you read or listen to a book, the result is the same. According to a New York Magazine interview with psychologist Daniel Willingham, two processes take place when you read a book. One is decoding, where your brain translates letters on a page into words that have meaning, and the other is language processing, where you figure out what the words mean together in the context of the story. When it comes to language processing, the mental processes between reading and listening are identical: a 1985 study found that if you read books well, you also listen to them well, and vice versa, and a 1977 study found that college students were able to summarize a story equally well after reading it as after listening to it.
A brand-new study from the University of Sussex is just the latest in a series of reports on the (often detrimental) effects that illustrations have on learning to read. One especially interesting study from 1976 presented kids with vocab words and either a) no picture, b) a picture of the appropriate object, c) a picture of an unrelated object, or d) a doodled picture not representing anything real. The kids who had no picture remembered their words the best, and the ones with a picture of the right object scored the worst of all.
Nurture the habit of reading books to become a better individual.